It is branch of medical science that deals with the health maintenance and diseases of women, especially of the reproductive organs is called Gynaecology

In many countries, women must first see a general practitioner (GP; also known as a family practitioner (FP)) prior to seeing a gynaecologist. If their health condition requires training, knowledge, surgical procedure, or equipment unavailable to the GP, the patient is then referred to a gynaecologist. In medicine, the main tools of diagnosis are clinical history and examination. In Gynaecological examination it is quite intimate, more so than a routine physical exam.


And It also requires unique instrumentation such as the speculum. That speculum consists of two hinged blades of concave metal or plastic which are used to retract the tissues of the vagina and permit examination of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus located within the upper portion of the vagina.

The Gynaecologists typically do a bimanual examination (one hand on the abdomen and one or two fingers in the vagina) to palpate the cervix, uterus, ovaries and bony pelvis. It is common to do a rectovaginal examination for complete evaluation of the pelvis, particularly if any suspicious masses are appreciated. In case of Male gynaecologists may have a female chaperone for their examination. If any abnormalities appreciated with the bimanual examination or when indicated by the patient’s history, an abdominal or vaginal ultrasound can be used to confirm.


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