In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

It is a multiple series of process used to treat fertility or genetic problems and support with the conception of a baby.

At the time of IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from the ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs are implanted in the uterus. It takes about two weeks for one cycle of IVF.

IVF is the most powerful form of assisted reproductive technology. Your own eggs and your partner’s sperm is used for the process. Or IVF contains eggs, sperm or embryos from a known or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier — a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus —can be used.

You will have a chance to get healthy baby using IVF depends on your age and the cause of infertility. If more than one embryo is implanted in the uterus, IVF results to a pregnancy with more than one fetus (multiple pregnancy).

Doctors will explain how IVF works, the potential risks and the right way to treat the infertility method.


It is a treatment for infertility or genetic problems. If IVF is performed to treat infertility, you and your partner might be able to try less invasive treatment options before attempting IVF, including fertility drugs to increase production of eggs or intrauterine insemination — a procedure in which sperm are placed directly in your uterus near the time of ovulation.

In some cases, IVF has given an initial treatment for infertility in women above 40yrs. Health condition must be certain when you are doing IVF. For instant, IVF may be choice if you or your partner has:

  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage: It makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.
  • Ovulation disorders: If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.
  • Premature ovarian failure: It is the loss of normal ovarian function before 40yrs. If your ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly.
  • Endometriosis: It occurs when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus — often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are benign tumors in the wall of the uterus and are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg.
  • Previous tubal sterilization or removal: If you’ve had tubal ligation — a type of sterilization in which your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy — and want to conceive, IVF may be an alternative to tubal ligation reversal.
  • Impaired sperm production or function: Below-average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg.