It is a kind of artificial insemination, procedure for treating infertility.
Sperm that have been washed and concentrated are placed directly in your uterus around the time your ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized. Older types of artificial insemination placed the sperm in the vagina. While this was easier, it was not as successful as the current procedure.
The hope for outcome of intrauterine insemination is for the sperm to swim into the fallopian tube and fertilize a waiting egg, resulting in a normal pregnancy. Due to the reasons for infertility, IUI can be correlated with your normal cycle or with fertility medications.
Why Intrauterine insemination (IUI) done?
A Husband & wife’s ability to become pregnant depends on many different factors. Intrauterine insemination is used most often in couples who have:
Unexplained infertility: Along with Ovulation-inducing medications, IUI is usually given as an initial treatment for unexplained infertility.
Endometriosis-related infertility: For infertility related to endometriosis, using medications to obtain a good quality egg along with performing IUI is often the first treatment approach.
Mild male factor infertility (subfertility): Men semen test was the initial step in medical assessment of infertility, will results in below-average sperm concentration, weak movement (motility) of sperm, or abnormalities in sperm size and shape (morphology). IUI can overcome some of these problems because preparing sperm for the procedure helps separate highly motile, normal sperm from those of lower quality.
Cervical factor infertility: Your cervix, at the lower end of the uterus, provides the opening between your vagina and uterus. Mucus produced by the cervix around the time of ovulation provides an ideal environment for sperm to travel from your vagina to the fallopian tubes. But, if your cervical mucus is too thick, it may impede the sperm’s journey. IUI bypasses the cervix, depositing sperm directly into your uterus and increases the number of sperm available to meet the awaiting egg.
Semen allergy : Rarely, a woman could have an allergy to proteins in her partner’s semen. Ejaculation into the vagina causes redness, burning and swelling where the semen contacts the skin. A condom can protect you from the symptoms, but it also prevents pregnancy. IUI will be effective when you are too sensitivity, since many of the semen proteins are removed before the sperm is inserted.
Donor sperm: Women who wants donor sperm to get pregnant, IUI is generally used to achieve pregnancy. Frozen donor sperm specimens are obtained from certified labs and thawed before the IUI procedure.