The normal ovary naturally is partially cystic in structure. Ovarian cysts mostly developed as consequences of ovulation disorder, where the follicle fails to release the oocyte. While the follicular cells continue to secrete fluid, the same expands the follicle, which over time can become cystic. Ovarian cysts are very common and involve all age groups, occurring in both symptomatic and non symptomatic female patients. There were 6% of 5000 healthy women participated in a study had detectable adnexal masses during trans abdominal ultrasound tests done. Out of these, 90% were cystic with most of them diagnosed as simple cysts only.
The ovaries are female reproductive organs found in their pelvic area, that house the ova and are also responsible for the production of sexual hormones. They are paired organs located on either side of the uterus within the broad ligament below the uterine tubes known as fallopian tubes. The ovary is within the ovarian fossa, a space which is bound by external iliac vessels, obliterated umbilical artery, and the ureter. The ovaries are mainly responsible for housing and releasing ova, which are also known as eggs necessary for reproduction.
Indeed, ovarian cysts were the fourth most common gynecologic cause of hospital admissions according to a late 1980s study. Most of the cysts spontaneously resolve while some will continue to exist. Those ovarian cysts are managed surgically. There’s a standard way of surgical approach to presumptively benign ovarian cysts is known as the laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. It is one of the most common procedures and will easily be performed by the practicing obstetrician gynecologist.
The other option available will be patient evaluation and surgical approaches to cyst removal.